=|z������ç�O��>=|zzK�g0"i����5���M�>�����G�`� 4. Who were you with? 0000053916 00000 n o,k_�����r��F�&/~;��ѻ�������͒lW��95�������5�J1�<>�r�l��AWT�Q�P-��5h. )E 0000001746 00000 n Cigarette smoking, hereafter referred to as “smoking,” is the largest single risk factor for premature death in developed countries. ��x^�u�d^e�E�+�&H�_�{ +ʴ���B���ts�n��YU����nzl�FK�I���|6��e)U��� Tobacco Use Insights is an international, peer reviewed, open access journal that looks at all aspects of the health impacts of tobacco use and smoking cessation. ### Treatment of tobacco addiction Most smokers show symptoms of addiction to nicotine.1 The symptoms and signs of addiction are described by diagnostic classification systems, such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . 0000009970 00000 n 0000010519 00000 n %������q�V������^�?������8-���*֜�;`�� ���lF{ �Vp�e�~�e�� F0~�o�����b��! The Pavlovian response is considered a reason a number of light smokers, with low nicotine dependence, continue to smoke.6 w�-� �ϑ 3 Cig- 0000004501 00000 n 0000048314 00000 n SMOKING AND DIABETES This fact sheet is for public health officials and others . Cigarette smoking is a powerful cardiovascular risk factor and smoking cessation is the single most effective lifestyle measure for the prevention of a large number of cardiovascular diseases. Most Americans recognize that smoking causes serious diseases, yet many Americans continue to smoke. Methods . smoking increases a person’s risk of ischaemic heart dis-ease by one-quarter,35 should spearhead new legislation to restrict smoking in all public areas. 0000050872 00000 n 36 0 obj <> endobj Recent evidence demonstrates that tobacco smoking causes an imbalance in bone turnover, leading to lower bone mass and making bone vulnerable to osteoporosis and fracture. 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